ํƒ„๋Ž€ ํŒŒํŠธ๋„ˆ ์ฐพ๊ธฐ
ํƒ„๋Ž€ ํŒŒํŠธ๋„ˆ ์ฐพ๊ธฐ
culture

์˜์–ด๋กœ ํ•˜๋Š” ๋Œ€ํ™” ๋˜๋Š” ์Šค๋ชฐํ† ํฌ ๋งˆ์Šคํ„ฐํ•˜๋Š” ๋ฒ•

Miyoung2020๋…„ 10์›” 17์ผ13 ๋ถ„ ์ฝ๊ธฐ

์–ด๋–ค ์–ธ์–ด๋ฅผ ์—ฐ์Šตํ•˜๊ณ  ์‹ถ์œผ์„ธ์š”?

en์˜์–ด
es์ŠคํŽ˜์ธ์–ด
frํ”„๋ž‘์Šค์–ด
de๋…์ผ์–ด
it์ดํƒˆ๋ฆฌ์•„์–ด
ptํฌ๋ฅดํˆฌ๊ฐˆ์–ด
ru๋Ÿฌ์‹œ์•„์–ด
ja์ผ๋ณธ์–ด
zh์ค‘๊ตญ์–ด
koํ•œ๊ตญ์–ด
๊ธฐํƒ€

"How are you?" - ์˜์–ด๊ถŒ์—์„œ ์Šˆํผ๋งˆ์ผ“์— ๊ฐ€๋“ , ์‚ฌ๋ฌด์‹ค์— ์žˆ๋“ , ์–ด๋”œ ๊ฐ€๋“  ์ผ์ƒ์ƒํ™œ์—์„œ ์›์–ด๋ฏผ๋“ค๋กœ๋ถ€ํ„ฐ ์ด๋Ÿฐ ์ธ์‚ฌ๋ง์„ ๋“ค์–ด๋ณธ ์ ์ด ์žˆ์œผ์‹ค ๊ฑฐ์—์š”.

๊ฐ„๋‹จํ•œ ์งˆ๋ฌธ ๊ฐ™์ง€๋งŒ ๋ฐฉ๊ธˆ ์ฒด์œก๊ด€์„ ๋‹ค๋…€์™€์„œ ๊ธฐ๋ถ„์ด ์ข‹๋‹ค๊ณ  ์„ค๋ช…ํ•˜๊ฑฐ๋‚˜ ๊ฐ๊ธฐ์— ๊ฑธ๋ ค ๋ชธ์ด ์ข‹์ง€ ์•Š์€ ์ƒํƒœ๋ฅผ ์•Œ๋ ค์ค„ ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์ด๋ ‡๊ฒŒ ๋‹ต๋ณ€์„ ์ฃผ๊ณ ๋ฐ›์œผ๋ฉด์„œ ํฅ๋ฏธ ์žˆ๋Š” ์Šค๋ชฐํ† ํฌ์˜ ์ฃผ์ œ๊ฐ€ ๋งˆ๋ จ๋˜์–ด ์–ด์ƒ‰ํ•˜์ง€ ์•Š๊ฒŒ ๋Œ€ํ™”๋ฅผ ์‹œ์ž‘ํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ์ฃ .

ํ˜น์€ ์งˆ๋ฌธ์„ ๊ทธ๋ƒฅ ๋ณ„ ๋œป ์—†์ด ํ–ˆ๋‹ค๋ฉด, "How are you?"๋ผ๊ณ  ๋ฌป๋Š”๋‹ค๊ณ  ๊ผญ ์ถฉ๋ถ„ํ•œ ๋Œ€ํ™”๋ฅผ ์ฃผ๊ณ ๋ฐ›์•„์•ผ ํ•˜๋Š” ๊ฑธ๊นŒ์š”?

์‚ฌ์‹ค ์•ˆ๋ถ€๋ฅผ ๋ฌป๋Š” ์ด ๊ฐ„๋‹จํ•œ ์งˆ๋ฌธ ํ•˜๋‚˜๊ฐ€ ๋ฌธํ™”์˜ ์ฐจ์ด์™€ ์‹ค์ƒํ™œ์—์„œ ์“ฐ์ด๋Š” ๊ด€์šฉ ํ‘œํ˜„์˜ ์ค‘์š”์„ฑ์„ ๋ณด์—ฌ์ฃผ๋Š” ์˜ˆ๊ฐ€ ๋˜์ฃ . ์˜์–ด์— ๋”๋Š” ๋ง๋ฌธ์ด ๋ง‰ํžˆ์ง€ ์•Š๊ฒŒ ์นจ์ฐฉํ•˜๊ณ  ์•ˆ์ „ํ•˜๊ฒŒ ์‹œ์ž‘ํ•˜๋Š” ์Šค๋ชฐํ† ํฌ์— ๋Œ€ํ•ด ์•Œ๋ ค๋“œ๋ฆฝ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.

๋‹ค๋ฅธ ๋‚˜๋ผ์— ๋น„ํ•ด ์˜์–ด๊ถŒ ๊ตญ๊ฐ€๋“ค์€ ํŠนํžˆ ์ผ์ƒ์ƒํ™œ์—์„œ ๋‚˜๋ˆ„๋Š” ์Šค๋ชฐํ† ํฌ์— ๋” ๋งŽ์€ ๊ฐ€์น˜๋ฅผ ๋ถ€์—ฌํ•˜๊ณ  ์žˆ๋‹ค๋Š” ๊ฑฐ ํ˜น์‹œ ๋ˆˆ์น˜์ฑ„์…จ๋‚˜์š”?

์˜์–ด ํšŒํ™”์—์„œ ๊ผญ ์•Œ์•„์•ผ ํ•  ์‚ฌํ•ญ๊ณผ ํ•„์ˆ˜ ๋ฌธ์žฅํ‘œํ˜„, ๊ด€์šฉ์–ด๊ตฌ๋ฅผ ์ธ์ง€ํ•˜๊ณ  ์Šค๋ชฐํ† ํฌ๋ฅผ ๋งˆ์Šคํ„ฐํ•˜๋Š” ๋ฐฉ๋ฒ•์„ ์•Œ์•„๋ด…์‹œ๋‹ค.

london britain english language learning

์Šค๋ชฐํ† ํฌ๋กœ ๋ฌธํ™”์  ์ฐจ์ด๋ฅผ ์ดํ•ดํ•˜๊ธฐ

๋งŒ์•ฝ ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์ด ์›์–ด๋ฏผ๊ณผ ๋Œ€ํ™”๋ฅผ ์‹œ์ž‘ํ•œ๋‹ค๋ฉด, ์˜์–ด๋กœ ํ•˜๋Š” ์Šค๋ชฐํ† ํฌ๋Š” ๊ทธ๊ฐ„ ์•Œ์•„ ์˜จ ๋ฐฉ์‹๊ณผ๋Š” ๋งค์šฐ ๋‹ค๋ฅด๋‹ค๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์„ ๊ธˆ๋ฐฉ ์•Œ๊ฒŒ ๋ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์Šค๋ชฐํ† ํฌ๋Š” ์ •์ค‘ํ•˜์ง€๋งŒ ๋ฐ˜๊ฐ€์šด ๋งˆ์Œ์„ ๋‹ด์•„ ์ƒ๋Œ€๋ฐฉ์„ ๋ฐ˜๊ธฐ๋ฉฐ ์‹œ์ž‘ํ•˜์ฃ . ๋Œ€๋‹ต์€ ์˜์™ธ๋กœ ๋‹จ์ˆœํ•˜๊ฒŒ โ€œI'm fine, thanks.โ€ ๋˜๋Š” โ€œGood, how are you?โ€๋กœ ๋Œ์•„์˜ฌ ์ˆ˜๋„ ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ๋‹ค๋ฅธ ๋ฌธํ™”๊ถŒ์—์„œ๋Š” ์ด๋Ÿฌํ•œ ์•ˆ๋ถ€ ์ธ์‚ฌ๊ฐ€ ๋ถˆํ•„์š”ํ•  ์ˆ˜๋„ ์žˆ๊ฒ ์ง€๋งŒ ์˜์–ด๋กœ ์ด๋Ÿฐ ์งˆ๋ฌธ์„ ๋ฐ›๋Š”๋‹ค๋ฉด ์ข€ ๋” ์นœ๊ทผํ•˜๊ฒŒ ๋Œ€๋‹ต์„ ํ•ด๋ด…์‹œ๋‹ค.

๋ณดํ†ต ์Šค๋ชฐํ† ํฌ๋Š” ๋Œ€์ˆ˜๋กญ์ง€ ์•Š์€ ์ผ์ƒ์—์„œ ํ˜•์‹์ด๋‚˜ ๋‚ด์šฉ์— ์–ฝ๋งค์ด์ง€ ์•Š๊ณ  ๊ฐ€๋ณ๊ฒŒ ์‹œ์ž‘ํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ๋Œ€ํ™”ํ•˜๋Š” ์ƒ๋Œ€๋ฐฉ๊ณผ ํ—ˆ๋ฌผ์—†์ด ํŽธ์•ˆํ•˜๊ฒŒ ๋ง์ด์ฃ . ๋งˆํŠธ์—์„œ ๊ณ„์‚ฐ์›๊ณผ๋„ ์•ˆ๋ถ€๋ฅผ ๋‚˜๋ˆŒ ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๊ณ  ์ง์žฅ์—์„œ ์ƒˆ๋กœ์šด ์ƒ์‚ฌ์™€ ์ฒ˜์Œ ๋งŒ๋‚˜๋Š” ๋‚ ์ด๋ผ๋„ ๊ดœ์ฐฎ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.

๊ทธ๋ ‡๋‹ค๊ณ  ์ƒ๋Œ€๋ฐฉ์—๊ฒŒ ๋ช‡ ๋…„์„ ์•Œ์•„ ์˜จ ๊ฐ€์žฅ ์นœํ•œ ์นœ๊ตฌ์™€ ๋Œ€ํ™”ํ•˜๋“ฏ์ด ๋‹ค๊ฐ€์„œ๋„ ๊ดœ์ฐฎ๋‹ค๋Š” ๋œป์€ ์•„๋‹™๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์นœ๊ทผํ•˜์ง€๋งŒ ์˜ˆ์˜๋Š” ์ง€ํ‚ค๋ฉด์„œ ๋…ผ์Ÿ๊ฑฐ๋ฆฌ๊ฐ€ ๋ ๋งŒํ•œ ์ฃผ์ œ๋Š” ๊บผ๋‚ด์ง€ ์•Š์€ ์„ ์„ ๋งํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.

์˜์–ด๊ถŒ ์›์–ด๋ฏผ๊ณผ ๋Œ€ํ™” ์‹œ ์ง€์ผœ์•ผ ํ•  ์ •์ค‘ํ•จ์˜ ๊ธฐ์ค€์€ ๋‹ค๋ฅธ ๋ฌธํ™”์˜ ์˜์‚ฌ์†Œํ†ต ๊ธฐ์ค€๊ณผ ๋‹ค๋ฅผ ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.

์ง€๊ธˆ ํŠน์ •ํ•œ ๋ชฉํ‘œ๊ฐ€ ์žˆ๊ณ  ์š”์ ์„ ๋ฐ”๋กœ ์ „๋‹ฌํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋Š”๋ฐ ์–ด์งธ์„œ ๋”ด๋ง๋ถ€ํ„ฐ ํ•˜๋Š” ๊ฑด๊ฐ€์š”? ์˜์–ด๋กœ ๋Œ€ํ™” ์‹œ ์Šค๋ชฐํ† ํฌ๋ฅผ ์ƒ๋žตํ•˜๊ณ  ์š”์ ๋งŒ ์ง์„ค์ ์œผ๋กœ ์ด์•ผ๊ธฐํ•œ๋‹ค๋ฉด ์ƒ๋Œ€๋ฐฉ์—๊ฒŒ ์ข‹์€ ์ธ์ƒ์„ ๋‚จ๊ธธ ์ˆ˜ ์—†๊ธฐ ๋•Œ๋ฌธ์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.

์ €ํฌ ํƒ„๋Ž€ ์•ฑ์€ ๋‹จ์ˆœํžˆ ์–ธ์–ด ๊ตํ™˜๋งŒ์„ ์œ„ํ•ด์„œ๊ฐ€ ์•„๋‹Œ ๋‹ค๋ฅธ ๋ฌธํ™”์— ๋Œ€ํ•œ ์ดํ•ด๋ ฅ์„ ๋„“ํžˆ๊ณ  ์ „ ์„ธ๊ณ„ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค๊ณผ ์˜๋ฏธ ์žˆ๋Š” ๋Œ€ํ™”๋ฅผ ๊ณต์œ ํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์ง€๊ธˆ ํƒ„๋Ž€ ์•ฑ์„ ๋‹ค์šด๋กœ๋“œํ•˜๊ณ  ๋ฌธํ™”์  ๋‹ค์–‘์„ฑ์„ ์ฆ๊ฒจ๋ณด์„ธ์š”!

new york america american english language learning

์ „ํ˜•์ ์ธ ์Šค๋ชฐํ† ํฌ ์ƒํ™ฉ

์•ž์„œ ๋งํ•œ ๋ฐ”์™€ ๊ฐ™์ด ์˜์–ด๊ถŒ ๊ตญ๊ฐ€์—์„œ๋Š” ์Šค๋ชฐํ† ํฌ๊ฐ€ ํ•„์ˆ˜์‚ฌํ•ญ์ด์ฃ . ๊ทธ๋ ‡๋‹ค๋ฉด, ์Šˆํผ๋งˆ์ผ“์—์„œ ๊ณ„์‚ฐ์›์—์„œ ๋ด‰ํˆฌ๋ฅผ ๋‹ฌ๋ผ๊ณ ๋งŒ ํ•ด๋„ ์Šค๋ชฐํ† ํฌ๋กœ ๋Œ€ํ™”๋ฅผ ์‹œ์ž‘ํ•ด์•ผ ํ•˜๋‚˜์š”?

๋ฌผ๋ก  ์•„๋‹ˆ์ฃ , ๋ชจ๋“  ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๊ณผ ๋‚ ์”จ์— ๋Œ€ํ•ด ์–˜๊ธฐ๋ฅผ ๋‚˜๋ˆŒ ํ•„์š”๋Š” ์—†์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์ž, ๊ทธ๋Ÿผ ์–ด๋–ค ์ƒํ™ฉ์—์„œ ์–ด๋–ค ์Šค๋ชฐํ† ํฌ๊ฐ€ ์ ํ•ฉํ•œ์ง€ ์ง€๊ธˆ ์•Œ๋ ค๋“œ๋ฆด๊ฒŒ์š”.

์ง€๋‚˜์น˜๋ฉด์„œ

์ƒ์ ์— ๋“ค์–ด๊ฐ€๊ฑฐ๋‚˜ ๋งˆํŠธ์—์„œ ๊ณ„์‚ฐ๋Œ€์— ์„œ ์žˆ๊ฑฐ๋‚˜ ๋˜๋Š” ์‚ฌ๋ฌด์‹ค์—์„œ ์ง€๋‚˜๊ฐ€๋Š” ๋™๋ฃŒ๋ฅผ ๋งŒ๋‚ฌ์„ ๋•Œ, ๋ช‡ ๊ฐ€์ง€ ์ œํ•œ๋œ ์ธ์‚ฌ๋ง๋กœ ๊ฐ„๋‹จํ•˜๊ฒŒ ์Šค๋ชฐํ† ํฌ๋ฅผ ๋‚˜๋ˆŒ ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.:

์ง€๋‚˜์น˜๋ฉด์„œ
โ€œHi Tom, how are you?โ€œ
โ€œIโ€™m fine, thanks. How are you?โ€œ
โ€œGood.โ€ / โ€œGreat, thank you.โ€

๋งŒ์•ฝ ์ข€ ๋” ์ž˜ ์•„๋Š” ์‚ฌ์ด๋ผ๋ฉด(๋™๋ฃŒ ๋“ฑ), ์ธ์‚ฌ๋ง์— ์ด๋ฆ„์„ ๋ถ™์ด๋Š” ๊ฒƒ๋„ ์ข‹์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.

์—˜๋ฆฌ๋ฒ ์ดํ„ฐ ์•ˆ์—์„œ

๋•Œ๋•Œ๋กœ ์งง์€ ์ธ์‚ฌ๋งŒ์œผ๋กœ ์ถฉ๋ถ„ํ•˜์ง€ ์•Š์€ ์ƒํ™ฉ์ด ๋ฐœ์ƒํ•  ์ˆ˜๋„ ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์—˜๋ฆฌ๋ฒ ์ดํ„ฐ๊ฐ€ ๋„ˆ๋ฌด ์˜ค๋ž˜ ๊ฑธ๋ ค ์–ด์ƒ‰ํ•œ ์นจ๋ฌต์„ ๋Š๋‚€ ์ ์ด ์žˆ๋‚˜์š”, ์˜์–ด๊ถŒ ๊ตญ๊ฐ€์—์„œ๋Š” ์ผ๋ฐ˜์ ์œผ๋กœ ์นจ๋ฌต์„ ์ง€ํ‚จ๋‹ค๋Š” ๊ฑด ๊ทธ๋‹ค์ง€ ์นœ์ ˆํ•œ ํ–‰๋™์ด ์•„๋‹ˆ๋ผ๊ณ  ์—ฌ๊ฒจ์ง‘๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ๋”ฐ๋ผ์„œ ๋‹ค์Œ๊ณผ ๊ฐ™์ด ์นœ๊ทผํ•œ ์งˆ๋ฌธ๋“ค์„ ํ•ด๋ณด์„ธ์š”:

์—˜๋ฆฌ๋ฒ ์ดํ„ฐ ์•ˆ์—์„œ
โ€œThe weather is lovely, isn't it?โ€
โ€œDid you have a great weekend?โ€
โ€œHow is your day going?โ€

๋ฏธํŒ…์—์„œ

๋น„์ง€๋‹ˆ์Šค ๋ฏธํŒ…์—์„œ ์Šค๋ชฐํ† ํฌ๋Š” ์ข€ ๋” ๊ตฌ์ฒด์ ์œผ๋กœ ์ง„ํ–‰๋˜์–ด์•ผ ํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์•ž์œผ๋กœ๋„ ๋งŽ์€ ์‹œ๊ฐ„์„ ์‚ฌ์—… ํŒŒํŠธ๋„ˆ๋“ค๊ณผ ํ•จ๊ป˜ ๋ณด๋‚ผ ํ…Œ๋‹ˆ ๋ง์ด์ฃ .

๋Œ€๋ถ€๋ถ„์˜ ๋‚˜๋ผ์ฒ˜๋Ÿผ ์ฒซ ๋Œ€๋ฉด์—์„œ๋Š” ์งง์€ ์•…์ˆ˜๋ฅผ ๋‚˜๋ˆ„๋ฉด์„œ ์„œ๋กœ๋ฅผ ์†Œ๊ฐœํ•˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด ์ผ๋ฐ˜์ ์ธ ํ’๊ฒฝ์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์—ฌ๊ธฐ์— ๋ช‡ ๊ฐ€์ง€ ์•ˆ๋ถ€ ์งˆ๋ฌธ์ด ๋’ค๋”ฐ๋ฅธ๋‹ค๋ฉด ๋ถ„์œ„๊ธฐ๋ฅผ ์ข€ ๋” ์ด์™„์‹œํ‚ฌ ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.

๋ฏธํŒ…์—์„œ
โ€œHow was your flight?โ€
โ€œIs your hotel alright?โ€
โ€œIs this your first time in Berlin?โ€

meeting people business talking greeting handshake

ํŒŒํ‹ฐ๋‚˜ ์ด๋ฒคํŠธ์—์„œ

ํŒŒํ‹ฐ๋‚˜ ๋น„์ง€๋‹ˆ์Šค ์ด๋ฒคํŠธ์— ์ดˆ๋Œ€๋ฐ›์œผ์…จ๋‚˜์š”? ์˜์–ด๊ถŒ์—์„œ๋Š” ์ด๋Ÿฐ ๊ฒฝ์šฐ ์ƒˆ๋กœ์šด ๋„คํŠธ์›Œํฌ๋ฅผ ํ˜•์„ฑํ•˜๊ณ  ์ธ๋งฅ์„ ๋„“ํžˆ๋Š” ์™„๋ฒฝํ•œ ๊ธฐํšŒ๋กœ ์—ฌ๊ฒจ์ง‘๋‹ˆ๋‹ค

๋ท”ํŽ˜๋“  ์นตํ…Œ์ผ ๋ฐ”๋“  ์‹๋‹น์ด๋“  ๋‚ฏ์„  ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค์—๊ฒŒ ๋‹ค๊ฐ€์„œ ์ž๊ธฐ์†Œ๊ฐœ๋ฅผ ํ•˜๊ณ  ์Šค๋ชฐํ† ํฌ๋ฅผ ๋‚˜๋ˆ„๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์€ ์ง€๊ทนํžˆ ์ •์ƒ์ ์ธ ์ผ์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.

์•„๋งˆ ์•ฝ๊ฐ„์€ ์กฐ์‹ฌ์Šค๋Ÿฝ๊ณ  ์„ต๋ถ€๋ฅธ ํ–‰๋™ ๊ฐ™์•„ ๊ฑฑ์ •์Šค๋Ÿฌ์šธ ์ˆ˜๋„ ์žˆ์ง€๋งŒ, ์˜คํžˆ๋ ค ๋ฐ˜๋Œ€๋กœ ์‚ฌ๊ต์ ์ด๋ฉฐ ๊ณต์†ํ•œ ๊ฒƒ์œผ๋กœ ์ธ์‹๋ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.

๋Œ€ํ™”๋ฅผ ์ฒ˜์Œ ์‹œ์ž‘ํ•˜๋ ค๋Š” ์ˆœ๊ฐ„์ด ๊ฐ€์žฅ ์–ด์ƒ‰ํ•˜๊ณ  ์–ด๋ ค์šด ์ˆœ๊ฐ„์ด์ฃ . ๊ฐ€์žฅ ์ข‹์€ ๋ฐฉ๋ฒ•์€ ๋‹จ์ˆœํžˆ "์˜ˆ", "์•„๋‹ˆ์š”"๋กœ ๋Œ€๋‹ต ๊ฐ€๋Šฅํ•œ ์งˆ๋ฌธ์ด ์•„๋‹Œ ๋Œ€ํ™”๋ฅผ ๋” ์ด์–ด๋‚˜๊ฐˆ ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋Š” ๊ฒฐ๋ก ์ด ์—†๋Š” ์งˆ๋ฌธ์„ ํ•˜๋Š” ๊ฑฐ์˜ˆ์š”. ๊ฐ™์€ ํŒŒํ‹ฐ์— ์ดˆ๋Œ€๋˜์—ˆ์œผ๋‹ˆ ์–ด์ƒ‰ํ•จ์„ ๊นจ๋ถ€์ˆ  ๊ณตํ†ต๋œ ํ™”์ ฏ๊ฑฐ๋ฆฌ๋ฅผ ์ฐพ์•„๋ณด์„ธ์š”.

ํŒŒํ‹ฐ๋‚˜ ์ด๋ฒคํŠธ์—์„œ
โ€œHow do you know Kate?โ€œ
โ€œWhat did you think of Peterโ€™s presentation?โ€
โ€œHave you tried the cheesecake? It's delicious, isn't it?โ€

์งง์€ ๋Œ€ํ™”๋ฅผ ๋‚˜๋ˆˆ ํ›„, โ€œIt was very nice to meet you, ์นด๋ Œ!โ€ ๊ฐ™์€ ๋์ธ์‚ฌ๋กœ ๋งˆ๋ฌด๋ฆฌํ•˜๊ณ  ์ฃผ๋ณ€์— ์ƒˆ๋กญ๊ฒŒ ๋Œ€ํ™”๋ฅผ ์‹œ์ž‘ํ•  ์‚ฌ๋žŒ์ด ์žˆ๋Š”์ง€ ํ™•์ธํ•ด๋ณด์„ธ์š”.

์ „ํ™”์ƒ์—์„œ

์ƒ๋Œ€๋ฐฉ์— ๋ˆˆ์•ž์— ์—†๋‹ค๊ณ  ํ•ด์„œ ์Šค๋ชฐํ† ํฌ๋ฅผ ๋ชปํ•œ๋‹ค๋Š” ๋ง์€ ์•„๋‹ˆ์ฃ . ํ†ตํ™” ์ค‘์—๋„ ๊ฐ„๋‹จํ•˜๊ฒŒ ์ž๊ธฐ์†Œ๊ฐœ๋ฅผ ํ•˜๋ฉด์„œ, "How are you?"๋ผ๊ณ  ๋งํ•˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์„ ์žŠ์–ด์„œ๋Š” ์•ˆ ๋˜๋ฉฐ ์•ˆ๋ถ€ ์ธ์‚ฌ๋ฅผ ๋ช‡ ์ฐจ๋ก€ ๋‚˜๋ˆˆ ํ›„์— ์ „ํ™”๋ฅผ ๊ฑด ๋ชฉ์ ์„ ๋งํ•ด๋ณด์„ธ์š”. ์ „ํ™” ๋Œ€ํšŒ์— ์‚ฌ์šฉ๋˜๋Š” ๋ฌธ์žฅ ํ‘œํ˜„์€ ์ด๋Ÿฐ ๊ฒƒ์ด ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.

์•ˆ๋ถ€ ๋ฐ ์Šค๋ชฐํ† ํฌ

์ „ํ™”์ƒ์—์„œ: ์•ˆ๋ถ€
โ€œHello. Tom Roberts speaking.โ€œ
โ€œHi Tom, this is Mateo Vasquez calling. How are you?โ€
โ€œHi Mateo, I'm good, thank you! I am enjoying the lovely weather here in Brighton. How are you?โ€

์ „ํ™” ๊ฑด ๋ชฉ์ 

์ „ํ™”์ƒ์—์„œ: ์ „ํ™” ๊ฑด ๋ชฉ์ 
โ€œThatโ€™s great! Iโ€™m doing well, too. I am just calling to ask if we could talk about the email I sent you...โ€

๋์ธ์‚ฌ

์ „ํ™”์ƒ์—์„œ: ๋์ธ์‚ฌ
โ€œThank you Tom, itโ€™s been a pleasure talking to you!โ€

british english language learning

์‹ค์ˆ˜๋Š” ํ”ผํ•˜์„ธ์š”

์˜์–ด๋กœ ํ•˜๋Š” ์Šค๋ชฐํ† ํฌ๊ฐ€ ์‰ฌ์›Œ ๋ณด์ด์ง€๋งŒ, ์ข…๊ต, ์ •์น˜, ๊ฐœ์ธ์ ์ธ ๋ฌธ์ œ์™€ ๊ฐ™์ด ์กฐ์‹ฌํ•ด์„œ ๋‹ค๋ค„์•ผ ํ•  ์ฃผ์ œ๋“ค์ด ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์ž˜๋ชป๋œ ์ฃผ์ œ๋กœ ์ธํ•ด ๊ธ์ •์ ์ธ ์†Œํ†ต์ด ์•„๋‹Œ ์–ด์ƒ‰ํ•˜๊ณ  ๋ถˆ์พŒํ•œ ๋ถ„์œ„๊ธฐ๋ฅผ ์ดˆ๋ž˜ํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ์–ด์š”.

๋งŒ์•ฝ ์˜๊ตญ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ์„ ๋งŒ๋‚œ๋‹ค๋ฉด ๋ธŒ๋ ‰์‹œํŠธ์— ๋Œ€ํ•œ ์งˆ๋ฌธ์€ ํ”ผํ•˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด ์ข‹์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์ด๋Ÿฐ ์งˆ๋ฌธ์€ ์—ด๋ค ํ† ๋ก ์˜ ์‹œ์ž‘์ ์ด ๋  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๊ธฐ์— ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ์ด ํ•˜๋Š” ๋Œ€ํ™”์—์„œ ๋ฐฐ์ œํ•˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด ์ข‹์€ ๋ฐฉ๋ฒ•์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์˜๊ตญ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค์€ ๋ณดํ†ต ์Šค๋ชฐํ† ํฌ์— ํ˜ธ์˜์ ์ด๋ฉฐ ๋Š๊ธ‹ํ•˜์ง€๋งŒ ๊ณต์†ํ•œ ๋Œ€ํ™”๋ฅผ ์ค‘์š”ํ•˜๊ฒŒ ์ƒ๊ฐํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.

๋Œ€ํ™”์— ์žˆ์–ด ๊ผญ ๋น ์ง€๋ฉด ์•ˆ ๋˜๋Š” ํ•œ ๊ฐ€์ง€ ์ฃผ์ œ๋Š” ๋ฐ”๋กœ ๋‚ ์”จ์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ๋งŒ์•ฝ ๋น„๊ฐ€ ์˜ค๊ณ  ๋‚ ์”จ๊ฐ€ ํ๋ฆฌ๋‹ค๋ฉด, ์˜๊ตญ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค์€ ๋ถˆํ‰ํ•˜๊ธฐ๋ฅผ ์ข‹์•„ํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ๋งŒ์•ฝ ๋ฐ๊ณ  ํ™”์ฐฝํ•˜๋‹ค๋ฉด, ํ™”์ฐฝํ•œ ๋Œ€๋กœ ๋˜ ์–˜๊ธฐํ•˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์„ ์ข‹์•„ํ•˜์ฃ . ๋‚ ์”จ์— ๋Œ€ํ•ด ๋งํ•˜๋Š” ๊ฒŒ ์ž์นซ ์ง„๋ถ€ํ•˜๊ณ  ์˜๊ตญ์˜ ์Šคํ…Œ๋ ˆ์˜ค ํƒ€์ž…์ฒ˜๋Ÿผ ๋“ค๋ฆด์ง€ ๋ชจ๋ฅด์ง€๋งŒ ์ •๋ง ์‚ฌ์‹ค์ด ๊ทธ๋ ‡์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์–ด๋–ป๊ฒŒ ๋Œ€ํ™”๋ฅผ ์‹œ์ž‘ํ• ์ง€ ๋ชจ๋ฅด๊ฒ ๋‹ค๋ฉด, ๋‚ ์”จ๋งŒํผ ์•ˆ์ „ํ•˜๊ณ  ๋ณด์žฅ๋œ ์ฃผ์ œ๋Š” ์—†์„ ๊ฑฐ์˜ˆ์š”.

๋ฌดํ•ดํ•˜๊ณ  ๊ฐ€๋ฒผ์šด ์ฃผ์ œ๋กœ ์‹œ์ž‘ํ•˜๋Š” ์Šค๋ชฐํ† ํฌ๋Š” ์•ˆ์ „ํ•˜๊ฒŒ ๋Œ€ํ™”๋ฅผ ์ด๋Œ์–ด์ค๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ๋‚ ์”จ๋ฟ ์•„๋‹ˆ๋ผ ์Šคํฌ์ธ ๋‚˜ ํœด๊ฐ€, ์ทจ๋ฏธ ๊ฐ™์€ ์ฃผ์ œ๋„ ๋งˆ์ฐฌ๊ฐ€์ง€์ด์ฃ . ์นœ์ ˆํ•˜๊ฒŒ ์ƒ๋Œ€๋ฐฉ์ด ๊ด€์‹ฌ ์žˆ๋Š” ์ฃผ์ œ๋กœ ๋Œ€ํ™”๋ฅผ ์‹œ์ž‘ํ•œ๋‹ค๋ฉด ์–ด๋– ํ•œ ์ƒํ™ฉ์—์„œ๋„ ์Šค๋ชฐํ† ํฌ๋ฅผ ๋งˆ์Šคํ„ฐํ•˜์‹ค ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.

์—ฐ์Šต์€ ์™„๋ฒฝ์„ ๋งŒ๋“ ๋‹ค!

์ด์ œ ์Šค๋ชฐํ† ํฌ์— ๋Œ€ํ•ด ๋ชจ๋“  ๊ฒƒ์„ ์•Œ์•„๋ดค์œผ๋‹ˆ ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์˜ ์ฒซ ๋ฒˆ์งธ ์˜์–ด ๋Œ€ํ™”๊ฐ€ ์™„๋ฒฝํ•˜๊ฒŒ ์ค€๋น„๋  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๊ฒŒ ๋‚ด์šฉ์„ ๊ธฐ์–ตํ•˜๋ฉด์„œ ์—ฐ์Šต์„ ํ•ด๋ณด์„ธ์š”. ์‹ค์ฒœ ๊ฐ€๋Šฅํ•œ ๋ฐฉ๋ฒ•์€ ๋ช‡ ๊ฐ€์ง€๋กœ ๋‚˜๋ˆŒ ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.

์„ ์ƒ๋‹˜์—๊ฒŒ ๋ฐฐ์šฐ๊ธฐ๋ฅผ ํฌ๋งํ•˜๊ณ  ๊ต์‹ค์—์„œ ํ•˜๋Š” ์Šค๋ชฐํŠธํฌ๋ฅผ ์„ ํ˜ธํ•œ๋‹ค๋ฉด ์˜์–ด ํšŒํ™” ์ฝ”์Šค๋ฅผ ์•Œ์•„๋ณด๋Š” ๋ฐฉ๋ฒ•์ด ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋ฃน์œผ๋กœ ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ ๊ฐ€์ง€ ์ƒํ™ฉ์„ ์„ค์ •ํ•˜์—ฌ ์—ฐ์Šตํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๊ณ  ์‹ค์ˆ˜๋ฅผ ํ•˜์—ฌ๋„ ๊ฐ™์€ ํ•™์Šต์ž ์ž…์žฅ์—์„œ ํ•จ๊ป˜ ๊ณ ์ณ๋‚˜๊ฐˆ ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.

๊พธ์ค€ํžˆ ๋ฐ›์„ ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋Š” ๊ฐœ์ธ์ ์ธ ํ”ผ๋“œ๋ฐฑ๊ณผ ๋‚˜์—๊ฒŒ ๋”ฑ ๋งž์ถฐ์ง„ ์ˆ˜์—…์„ ์„ ํ˜ธํ•˜์‹œ๋‚˜์š”? ๊ทธ๋ ‡๋‹ค๋ฉด ๊ฐœ์ธ ๊ณผ์™ธ๋‚˜ ํŠœํ„ฐ๋ฅผ ๊ตฌํ•˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด ๊ฐ€์žฅ ์ข‹์€ ๋ฐฉ๋ฒ•์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.

์ „ํ™” ์˜์–ด๋ฅผ ํ•  ๋•Œ๋Š” ๋ฏธ๋ฆฌ ๋งํ•˜๊ณ ์ž ํ•˜๋Š” ๋‚ด์šฉ์„ ์ข…์ด์— ์ ์–ด ์ค€๋น„ํ•ด ๋‘๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด ์ข‹์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ๋Œ€ํ™” ๋„์ค‘ ๋‹จ์–ด๋‚˜ ๋ฌธ์žฅ์„ ์žŠ์–ด๋ฒ„๋ฆฌ๋Š” ์ŠคํŠธ๋ ˆ์Šค๋ฅผ ์—†์•จ ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๊ณ  ์ƒ๋Œ€๋ฐฉ์€ ์ „ํ˜€ ์•Œ ์ˆ˜๊ฐ€ ์—†์–ด์š”.

์Šค๋ชฐํ† ํฌ๋ฅผ ์œ„ํ•œ ์˜์–ด ํ‘œํ˜„ ๋ฐ ๊ตฌ๋ฌธ

์ด์ œ ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„๋“ค์€ ์˜์–ด๋กœ ์Šค๋ชฐํŠธํฌ๋ฅผ ์‹œ์ž‘ํ•  ์ค€๋น„๋ฅผ ๋งˆ์น˜์…จ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ํƒ„๋Ž€์—์„œ ์‹ค์šฉ์ ์ธ ๋ช‡ ๊ฐ€์ง€ ์˜์–ด ์ˆ™์–ด์™€ ๋ฌธ์žฅ์„ PDF ๋ฌธ์„œ๋กœ ์ •๋ฆฌํ•˜์˜€์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์—ฌ๊ธฐ๋ฅผ ๋ˆŒ๋Ÿฌ ๋‹ค์šด๋กœ๋“œํ•˜์—ฌ ๊ทœ์น™์ ์œผ๋กœ ์—ฐ์Šตํ•˜๊ณ  ์‹ค์ „ ํ† ํฌ์— ์•ž์„œ ํ•œ ๋ฒˆ ๋” ํ›‘์–ด ๋ณธ๋‹ค๋ฉด ๋„์›€์ด ๋  ๊ฑฐ์—์š”.

๋Œ€ํ™” ์‹œ์ž‘ํ•˜๊ธฐ
Hi Tom, how are you doing?
Fine, thanks! How are you?
Hi, I don't think we have met. Iโ€™m Kate.
Nice to meet you.
Nice to see you again.
Iโ€™m sorry, I didn't catch your name.
I'd like you to meet John.
Let me introduce you to John.
์—ฌํ–‰
How was your flight/trip?
Is your hotel alright?
Is this your first time in Berlin?
How do you like Berlin?
Did you find us ok?
๋‚ ์”จ
What is the weather like in London?
It looks like it is going to rain.
The weather is lovely, isn't it?
Beautiful day, isn't it?
It is a bit too warm/cold for this time of year, isn't it?
The weather really has been lovely those last few days, hasnยดt it?
It's quite windy.
It's pouring.
์ทจ๋ฏธ
What do you think about last night's basketball game?
Have you seen this movie? I thought it was amazing!
Do you like playing tennis?
I hear you are a passionate tennis player?
Have you seen the match between A and B?
ํœด๊ฐ€
Do you have any holidays coming up?
Iโ€™ve heard you were in Barcelona last week. How did you like the food there?
I heard wildlife is fascinating in South Africa. Did you get a chance to see any animals during your trip?
Did you try surfing/diving?
๋Œ€ํ™” ๋๋‚ด๊ธฐ
It was very nice to meet you.
It was great talking to you!
It was nice seeing you again.
You, too!
Sorry, Iโ€™ve got to go. I have a meeting/appointment at 3pm.
Take care.
Have a good day!
Good luck with your new job!
Iโ€™ll call you later!
Yes, see you!
์ „ํ™”์ƒ์—์„œ
Hi, this is Kate speaking.
One moment please, Iโ€™ll see if John is available.
Iโ€™m afraid he is in a meeting at the moment.
When can I reach him?
I'm just calling to...
May I interrupt you for a second?
Sorry, I didn't get that. Could you repeat that please?
Thank you John, it's been a pleasure talking to you.
Thanks for your help Kate. I will see you tomorrow/speak to you soon.
Have a nice day, goodbye!

ํƒ„๋Ž€์€ ์˜์–ด ์›์–ด๋ฏผ์„ ๋งŒ๋‚˜ ์Šค๋ชฐํ† ํฌ๋ฅผ ๋‚˜๋ˆ„๊ณ ์ž ํ•˜๋Š” ๋ถ„๋“ค์—๊ฒŒ ์ตœ์ ์˜ ๊ณต๊ฐ„์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์ „์„ธ๊ณ„์—์„œ ๋งˆ์Œ์ด ๋”ฑ ๋งž๋Š” ์–ธ์–ด ํ•™์Šต ํŒŒํŠธ๋„ˆ๋ฅผ ์ฐพ์•„ ๋ฌธ์ž, ์˜ค๋””์˜ค ๋ฉ”์‹œ์ง€ ๋ฐ ํ™”์ƒ ์ „ํ™”๋ฅผ ํ†ตํ•ด ์ฑ„ํŒ…์„ ์‹œ์ž‘ํ•ด๋ณด์„ธ์š”.

์–ธ์–ด ํ•™์Šต ํŒŒํŠธ๋„ˆ๋ฅผ ์ง์ ‘ ๋งŒ๋‚˜๊ธฐ๋ฅผ ์›ํ•˜์‹œ๋‚˜์š”? ์„ค์ •ํ•˜์‹  ์กฐ๊ฑด์— ๊ผญ ๋งž๋Š” ์–ธ์–ด ๊ตํ™˜ ํŒŒํŠธ๋„ˆ๋ฅผ ํ˜„์žฌ ๊ณ„์‹œ๋Š” ์ง€์—ญ๋ฟ๋งŒ ์•„๋‹ˆ๋ผ ์•ž์œผ๋กœ ๊ฐ€๊ณ ์ž ํ•˜๋Š” ๋„์‹œ์—์„œ๋„ ์ฐพ์„ ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ํƒ„๋Ž€์— ๋ฌด๋ฃŒ๋กœ ๋“ฑ๋กํ•˜๊ณ  ๋ฐฐ์šฐ๊ณ ํ”ˆ ์–ธ์–ด๋ฅผ ์„ค์ •ํ•˜๋ฉด ์ด์ œ ์ค€๋น„ ์™„๋ฃŒ์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค!

ํƒ„๋Ž€ ํŒ๊ณผ ์ถ”์ฒœ์„ ์ฐธ๊ณ ํ•œ๋‹ค๋ฉด ์˜์–ด ํšŒํ™”์— ์ข€ ๋” ์ž์‹ ๊ฐ์„ ์–ป์„ ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ์„ ๊ฑฐ์˜ˆ์š”. ์ด์ œ ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„๋“ค์€ ๋‹ค ์•„์‹œ์ฃ , ๋ˆ„๊ตฐ๊ฐ€์™€ ์„œ ์žˆ๋Š”๋ฐ ์–ด์ƒ‰ํ•œ ์นจ๋ฌต์ด ํ๋ฅธ๋‹ค๋ฉด, ์ง€๊ธˆ์ด ๋ฐ”๋กœ ์Šค๋ชฐํ† ํฌ์˜ ํƒ€์ด๋ฐ์ด๋ž€ ๊ฑธ์š”!

์ „ ์„ธ๊ณ„ ์›์–ด๋ฏผ๋“ค๊ณผ ์—ฐ๊ฒฐ๋˜์–ด ์–ด๋–ค ์–ธ์–ด๋กœ๋„ โ€‹โ€‹๋งํ•˜๊ธฐ ์—ฐ์Šต์„ ํ•ด๋ณด์„ธ์š”, ๋ฌด๋ฃŒ๋กœ์š”!
์ถ”์ฒœ๊ธ€